Having been sent by Francisco Pizarro from Peru and having made the long journey from Cuzco, Extremadura conquistador Pedro de Valdivia reached the valley of the Mapocho on 13 December 1540. The cathedral on the central square (Plaza de Armas) is a sight that ranks as high as the Palacio de La Moneda, the Presidential Palace. The growth of the previous decades led to an unprecedented population explosion starting in 1929. Finally, the Edificio Diego Portales was constructed in 1972. Santiago's cityscape is shaped by several stand-alone hills and the fast-flowing Mapocho River, lined by parks such as Parque Forestal and Balmaceda Park. The 1992 census showed that Santiago had become the country's most populous municipality with 328,881 inhabitants. In this context, Santiago began to develop a substantial middle- and lower-class population, while the upper classes sought refuge in the districts of the capital. Maipú, Ñuñoa, Renca, Lampa and Colina were to be created in 1891, Providencia and Barrancas in 1897, and Las Condes in 1901. Chile. In addition, the work would include a sewer system, covering about 85% of the urban population. It has faced a number of problems since its launch. A2 Nice , cozy, comfortable 2D 2 B up to 6 awesome views. Le Chili possède une population estimée à 17 508 260 habitants en 2015 selon la CIA World Factbook. Its capital is Santiago. [6] In an effort to transform Santiago, Vicuña Mackenna began construction of the Camino de Cintura, a road surrounding the entire city. Terminal Pajaritos: located in Metro station "Pajaritos." It connects the rural areas north of Santiago. Population The population of Santiago, Chile is 4837295 according to the GeoNames geographical database. There are 18 cinemas in the capital with a total of 144 rooms and over 32,000 seats, the projection centers than 5 arthouse add. Valdivia later summoned the chiefs of the area to a parliament, where he explained his intention to found a city on behalf of the king Carlos I of Spain, which would be the capital of his governorship of Nueva Extremadura. The tallest is the Tupungato mountain at 6,570 m (21,555 ft). Normal (Chile) – Section 2: Monthly Normals", "Klimatafel von Santiago de Chile (Stadt) / Chile", "Santiago (00000034) - National Weather Station", "Landslide susceptibility maps of Santiago city Andean foothills, Chile", "Severe air pollution plagues Chilean cities", "Chilean University Finds Santiago Pollution Has Doubled", "Elemental concentrations of ambient particles and cause specific mortality in Santiago, Chile: a time series study", "the role of monitoring in air quality management", "Cruzada ambiental por el Mapocho limpio", "Informe anual de coberturas de servicios sanitarios", "Chile, proyecciones de población al 30 de junio (1990–2020): Región Metropolitana de Santiago", Censo 2017: 28% de habitantes en la comuna de Santiago son inmigrantes, Estas son las comunas de Chile con mayor porcentaje de población extranjera, "Chile: Economy, income inequality growing", "Construccion aeródromo peldehue finalizará en enero 2019", "Chilean president inaugurates Santiago metro Line 3", "Santiago Public Transportation Statistics", Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, "Anuario Parque de Vehículos en Circulación", Una autoridad metropolitana para Santiago, "Santiago: ¿Dónde estamos?, ¿Hacia dónde vamos? Universidad Católica has 13 national titles, making it the third most successful football club in the country. Most immigrants are from other Latin American countries, including Peru and Argentina. To this other structures adopted artistic trends from Europe, as the Equestrian Club of Santiago, the head offices of the University of Chile and the Catholic University, Central Station and the Mapocho Station, Mercado Central, join the National Library, Museum of Fine Arts and the Barrio París-Londres, among others. This team plays its home games in Estadio San Carlos de Apoquindo. Extant buildings include the Casa Colorada (1769), the San Francisco Church (1586), and Posada del Corregidor (1750). This range reaches 3296 metres at Cerro de Ramón. [39], Stray dogs are common in Santiago. Dec. 27, 2020 - Rent from people in Santiago, Chile from $26 CAD/night. IDH comunal de Santiago de Chile en 2017.png 840 × 600; 147 KB Invierno en Peñalolén..JPG 3,072 × 2,304; 2.8 MB Isidora Torres (Julio, 2019) Teatro Municipal de Las "Condes La bella durmiente y el príncipe".jpg 2,000 × 3,000; 2 MB The city of Santiago covers a total surface area of 641 kilometers squared (247.6 square mile). Provides buses to towns around southern Santiago, Viña del Mar, Temuco and Puerto Montt. In 2010 Chile was struck by the sixth largest earthquake ever recorded, reaching 8.8 on the moment magnitude scale. In Santiago's major theater companies are located, hosting several national and international projects, with the highest expression during the International Theatre Festival known as Santiago a Mil, which takes place every summer since 1994 and has gathered more than one million spectators. The Bellavista, Brasil, Manuel Montt, Plaza Ñuñoa and Suecia account for most of the nightclubs, restaurants and bars in the city, the main evening entertainment centers in the capital. It has the 35.9% (about 7 million people) of the total population. However, the shrine would not be completed until some decades later. The city is affected only occasionally by snowfall. Air pollution reached critical levels during the winter months and a layer of smog settled over the city. Real growth and development began in the 1930s, with immigration increasing the numbers of residents. The railway network was extended allowing connection of the city with its nascent suburbs by a new rail ring and route to the Cajón del Maipo, while a new railway station was built in the north of the city: the Mapocho Station. In 1767, the corregidor Luis Manuel de Zañartu, launched one of the most important architectural works of the entire colonial period, Calicanto Bridge, effectively connecting the city to La Chimba on the north side of the river, and began the construction of embankments to prevent overflows of the Mapocho River. [46], Santiago is the industrial and financial center of Chile, and generates 45% of the country's GDP. The Costanera Center has stores like Armani Exchange, Banana Republic, Façonnable, Hugo Boss, Swarovski, and Zara. Modernity expanded in the city, with the appearance of the first theaters, the extension of the telephone network and the opening of the Airport Los Cerrillos in 1928, among other advances. Following the edge of the Mapocho River, Costanera Norte was built to link the northeast of the capital to the airport and the downtown area. Growth has declined, reaching 1.4% in the early 2000s. from $90/night. Some of these problems were resolved, but the system earned a bad reputation which it has not been able to shake off. Santiago (/ˌsæntiˈɑːɡoʊ/, US also /ˌsɑːn-/;[2] Spanish: [sanˈtjaɣo]), also known as Santiago de Chile, is the capital and largest city of Chile as well as one of the largest cities in the Americas. Although most of the communities continued to grow, it is mainly concentrated in outlying communities such as Canyon to the west, Conchalí northern and La Cisterna and La Granja to the south. Valparaíso (/ ˌ v æ l p ə ˈ r aɪ z oʊ,-s oʊ /; Spanish: [balpaɾaˈiso]) is a major city, seaport, naval base and educational centre in the commune of Valparaíso, Chile. The city is situated in the center of the Santiago Basin, a large bowl-shaped valley consisting of broad and fertile lands surrounded by mountains. Find unique places to stay with local hosts in 191 countries. Although these are the two biggest projects, there are many other office buildings under construction in Santiago, as well as hundreds of high rise residential buildings. The Population of Study: The researcher selects the Pharmaceutical companies from the Industrial sector between the sectors that listed in the ASE Amman Security Exchange at the end of fiscal year 2013. However, the constant danger faced by Concepción, due partly to its proximity to the War of Arauco and also to a succession of devastating earthquakes, would not allow the definitive establishment of the Royal Court in Santiago until 1607. Most of the city lies between 500–650 m (1,640–2,133 ft) above mean sea level. The coastal mountain range serves as a screen that stops the spread of maritime influence, contributing to the increase in annual and daily thermal oscillation (the difference between the maximum and minimum daily temperatures can reach 14 °C) and maintaining low relative humidity, close to an annual average of 70%. It houses the Chilean National History Museum, with 12,000 objects that can be exhibited. In Spanish language, the name of this saint is rendered in different ways, as Diego, Jaime, Jacobo or Santiago; the latter is derived from the Galician evolution of Vulgar Latin Sanctu Iacobu. Most Populated Cities in Chile. During the 2000s, several urban highways were built through Santiago in order to improve the situation for vehicles. 1950 328,000. The first phase ran beneath the western section of the Alameda and was opened in 1975. Santiago was founded there and grew into the country’s major metropolis. On the north, it is bordered by the Cordón de Chacabuco, a mountain range of the Andes. Under construction at the time, the station would be opened permanently in 1884. Finally, the Américo Vespucio Avenue acts as a ring road. The average amount of time people wait at a stop or station for public transit is 15 min, while 21% of riders wait for over 20 minutes on average every day. Santiago has 37% of Chile's vehicles, with a total of 991,838 vehicles, 979,346 of which are motorized. The main road is the Avenida Libertador General Bernardo O'Higgins, better known as Alameda Avenue, which runs northeast and southwest. In areas such as La Dehesa, Lo Curro, and El Arrayan, urban development is present at over 1,000 metres of altitude. The Costanera Center, a mega project in Santiago's Financial District, includes a 280,000-square-metre (3,000,000 sq ft) mall, a 300-meter (980 ft) tower, two office towers of 170 meters (558 ft) each, and a hotel 105 meters (344 ft) tall. An extensive network of streets and avenues stretching across Santiago facilitate travel between the different communities that make up the metropolitan area. Parque Intercomunal), This page was last edited on 22 December 2020, at 03:52. Alonso de Cordova also houses some of Santiago's most famous restaurants, art galleries, wine showrooms and furniture stores. Two underground lines (Line 4 and 4A) and an extension of Line 2 were inaugurated in 2005 and 2006, while an extension of Line 5 was inaugurated in 2011. Data tables, maps, charts, and live population clock. To tackle these issues a new transport system, called Transantiago, was devised. As of 2011[update], the fare evasion rate is stubbornly high. [34][35] The government does not usually report it as being a local pollution source, as it is just outside the reporting area of the Santiago Metropolitan Region, being 110 kilometres (68 mi) from downtown.[36][37]. The Costanera Center was completed in 2009, and includes housing, shopping, and entertainment venues. Following several population booms over the year, the population of Santiago continues to grow but at a much slower rate. Most cyclists ride on the street, and the use of helmets and lights is not widespread, even though it is mandatory. [30], Santiago's air is the most polluted air in Chile. The Mapocho River flows through the city. [5] Isolated from reinforcements the Spanish had to resort to eat whatever they found, lack of clothes meant some Spanish came to dress with hides from dogs, cats, sea lions and foxes.[5]. The 5 largest cities in Chile are: Santiago Metropolis 7.2 million In recent years many cycle paths have been constructed, but so far the number is limited and with little connections between the routes. The strong economy and low government debt is attracting migrants from Europe and the United States.[48]. Also in downtown Santiago is the Torre Entel, a 127.4-meter-high television tower with observation deck completed in 1974; the tower serves as a communication center for the communications company, ENTEL Chile. The next longest path is along the Mapocho River along Andrés Bello Avenue.